What does "Black Lives Matter" mean?
What is the Black Lives Matter movement?
It is not a single organization. People in the movement act as individuals committed to racial justice, with varying beliefs on politics and policies.
( Wikipedia )
What is "White privilege"?
White privilege refers to the everyday conveniences that White people don't need to think about but that are denied to people of color.
White people don't generally notice these small and large privileges, but not having them imposes a huge burden on people of color.
( White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack by Peggy McIntosh)
What does it mean to be an "anti-racist"?
In the words of Dr. Anneliese A. Singh in The Racial Healing Handbook, "You need the intentional mindset of Yep, this racism thing is everyone's problem-including mine, and I'm going to do something about it."
It is an attitude of, "If you see something racist, say something," even if it causes discomfort. Seek clarity, speak your truth, and search for common ground.
It means uncovering your own biases, because everyone has them.
It means working to stamp out racism by opposing racist policies and racist political candidates.
What does "Defund the Police" mean?
This varies, depending on who is saying it.
What is the case for reparations?
The entire economy of the southern states up to the mid-1860s was built upon slave labor, with tremendous wealth passing to plantation owners.
After the Civil War, former slaves were promised a mule and 40 acres, but few of them actually received it. Instead, many were forced into tenant farm agreements, which, economically, was little better than slavery.
The Compromise of 1877, which made Rutherford Hayes president, ended federal protection for Blacks in the South. "Jim Crow" laws ensured segregation in schools, housing, and commerce, separate and unequal.
Intimidation, including lynchings of over 4,000 Blacks between 1877 and 1950 made Black men powerless to protect their families from White predators and made it dangerous for them to vote or achieve political power. "For a 30-year period from 1885-1915, on average every third day a black person was brutally and savagely and publicly murdered [lynched] by white mobs."
In "The Great Migration" between 1910 and 1970, many Blacks abandoned the South to find better opportunities in the North. Still, they contended with segregated housing, inferior schools, and limited career paths.
In the early 20th century, White mobs rioted, killing blacks and destroying their property in cities such as Atlanta, Omaha, Chicago, Tulsa, and East St. Louis. Whites, especially recent immigrants, feared for their jobs
The G.I. Bill was of limited use to Blacks. They were barred from many universities, so the education benefits were not available. Similarly, many neighborhoods had legal covenants prohibiting Blacks from buying property (e.g., Scientists Cliffs), so they were confined to neighborhoods "redlined" by banks who refused to issue mortgages there. Unequal access to education and housing has caused a huge wealth gap between Whites and Blacks.